The world is changing – fast. The only constant is change. Traditional education is fairly static, with a teacher transferring knowledge from the one who knows to those who do not. To some extent this may be fine and necessary. But this approach does not prepare for change. Rather it prepares for passively accepting change without asking too many questions.
Transformative pedagogy involves engaged learning. It is democratic. It utilises ideas from Pablo Freire, such as dialogic education rather than ““. A relevant education is not limited to a classroom, but seeks to contextualize the issues by the surrounding areas and people as parts of the learning environment. A to education involves listening, dialogue, action and reflection. Transformative education demands active and engaged students, asking critical questions, and search for additional information at other sources as well as those given in a curriculum. The students are trained in information literacy: searching and critically assessing the information obtained. The assessed information should then be placed in a context and used for example to solve a problem.
The students must collaborate and negotiate meaning with peers and in intergroup relations. This is usually an efficient way to avoid superficial learning and to develop deeper understanding. Cramming just for a test is as a rule avoided. Constructivist and socioconstructivist pedagogy (Dewey, Vygotsky, Saeljo, Lave and Wenger, Bruner, Biggs, etc) are common approaches to education. Collaborative learning is crucial for gaining experience in team work and key 21st century skills. See easy e-book:
In transformative education, an important concept is the “ (Wenger, 1998) and . With the introduction of ICT and online education, there is a considerable potential for increase and a transformation from a simple classroom to complex virtual classrooms with participants collaborating irrespective of time and place. The socio-constructivist pedagogy is obviously crucial, and any of the following approaches may add to the online learning environment
- pedagogy of work (pupils learn by making useful products or providing useful services);
- co-operative learning (based on co-operation in a productive process (Note the discussion cooperative vs collaborative learning. See e-book: Together we can!);
- enquiry-based learning (a trial and error method involving group work);
- the “Natural Method” (based on an inductive, global approach);
- centres of interest (based on children’s learning interests and curiosity).
“” || (TED-lecture) || || | | Ken Robinson: || (Ken Robinson) || || | | || | (WB 2014) | || (TED lecture) | | || || || || || || || || || || || || || || || || ||
Transformative pedagogy prepares people for change.
Our economic system depends on GROWTH. However, the Earth’s ecological systems breaks down from more economic growth.
We need a transition from the present consumer society to a sustainable society. To ease the transition, we must collectively learn to cooperate, to treat each other and the earth with dignity and respect. In short, we need a paradigm shift.
Stages in a paradigm shift
We have had a good period of economic growth and millions of people have been improving their living conditions. However, the basic conditions for this improvement are not stable, as can be seen in the present financial crises.
Many of us gradually become aware of an accumulation of unsolved problems like climate change, peak oil, enormous capital accumulation in “wrong” places, depletion of ecosystems, pollution, lack of freshwater, depletion of natural resources, more storms, floods and droughts etc. As an increasing number of people become aware of the problems, there will also be a number of increasingly vocal and aggressive paradigm defenders. They will propose more and more extreme and absurd measures to prevent change, and they will aggressively deny reality.
At certain points there will be increasingly severe crises. There will be acute problems and non-linear, dramatic shifts. Extreme and unpopular measures will be taken. There will be a rapid depletion of the resource base, and important actors within the old paradigm will understand the picture, and leave the old ways of solving problems. At this stage there will be a competition for finding radical solutions – a paradigm competition. This stage requires creativity and an”. A new paradigm will be established after a more or less painful transition. The sooner we start working on the transition, the better.
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Critical thinking for dummies in short videos:
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